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Ingram Road Primary School

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Curriculum Intent


At Ingram Road Primary School, we strive to make Geography an exciting and engaging subject. We celebrate and draw upon the diversity within our school. Geography teaches an understanding of places and environments. Through their work in geography, children learn about their local area, and they compare their life in this area with that in other regions in the United Kingdom and in the rest of the world. They learn how to draw and interpret maps, and they develop the skills of research, investigation, analysis and problem-solving. Through their growing knowledge and understanding of human geography, children gain an appreciation of life in other cultures. Geography teaching also inspires curiosity and fascination about the world, not just through lessons but fun and engaging games and challenges. Due to the broad and balanced nature of Geography teaching and planning at Ingram Road Primary School we ensure that Geography is accessible to all pupils. To achieve this, we ensure that all lessons throughout school are coherently planned and sequenced to suit the needs of all learners, thus, encouraging all pupils to be ambitious and inquisitive learners, with an eagerness to learn about the ever changing world around them.



Intent, Implementation, Impact

Key Vocabulary 







City – A large town.

Town - An urban area that has a name, defined boundaries, and a local government. It is normally larger than a village and smaller than a city.

Village - A group of houses and buildings in a rural area. This is normally smaller than a town.

Locate – To find the exact place or position of something.

Grid reference - a method of locating something on a map by a number referring to the lines of a grid drawn upon the map.

Route – How to get to somewhere.

Map – A drawing of an area shown from above.

Compass – A tool for showing direction (North, South, East, West).

Symbol – A picture that stands for something else.


Cause - Compression of rock causes shock waves to spread out from the focus of an earthquake. lead to: Describe how plate movements lead to the formation of earthquakes.
Consequence - something that happens as a result of a particular action or set of conditions
Topographical - represents a particular area in detail, including everything natural and man-made — hills, valleys, roads, or lakes. It's the geographical contours of the land.
Land use -  is the function of land - what it is used for
Volcano - an opening in the Earth’s crust where red-hot rocks and gas break to the surface from underground.
Magma - molten rock that is formed in very hot conditions inside the earth.
Lava - the very hot liquid rock that comes out of a volcano
Tectonic plates - any of the several segments of the Earth's crust that move
Earthquake - a shaking of the ground caused by movement of the Earth's crust
Mountain - a very high area of land with steep sides






World – The Earth with all of the people, countries and features.

Country – An area with its own name that has a government.


Concept – the big, organising ideas which, together, belong to geography field of study.  Eg place, region, sustainability.
Factory – a building or group of buildings which manufacture (make) something.

characteristic features – the particular qualities or aspects that make something recognisable







Coast – The land near the sea.

Cliff – A steep rock face on the edge of the sea.

Rural – The countryside where it is quieter and there are more physical features around.

Characteristics – The features of something that helps you to identify it.

Valley - A low area of land between hills or mountains, normally with a river or stream flowing through it.

Hill – A raised area of land.

Mountain - A large rise of the land which rises abruptly from the surrounding area; a large steep hill.

River - A large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another river.

Human features – Something that has been made by humans.

Physical features – Something that has naturally been made.



effectiveness - the quality of working well and producing results that were intended.

climate - the general weather conditions that are typical of a place

biome -  A major ecological community, extending over a large area and usually characterised by a dominant vegetation

settlement -  A place newly settled – a colony

population – All the inhabitants of a particular place.



Useful links

How To Make Geography Fun and Exciting!

Geography Throughout school:

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